Common Massage Therapy Techniques
An expert massage therapist will have a lot of techniques and tools to make your treatment time an enjoyable, reviving one. Below are some of the basic techniques used by professional massage therapists.
There are different ways in which kneading can be performed, for example thumb kneading and palm kneading are popular ones.
The purpose of the massage determines the amount of pressure applied on the body part with perfect rhythm and the rate of movement.
It’s the most basic and effective massage techniques used by the therapists. This technique is in sync with the blood flow. It helps the fluid to travel from the injured body part and thus helps reduce inflammation and swelling.
Trigger Point Therapy
This is a bodywork technique that involves applying pressure to calm the tissues to relieve your client from pain.
Trigger points are the points of muscles which cross over with acupuncture points. Therapists work on these points to ease the strain on their clients muscles.
Myofascial release is a technique for stretching the fascia to balance the body. Fascia is located between the skin and the underlying structure of muscle and bones.
It is a web of connective tissues which connects muscles, organs and skeletal structure of the body. Fascia can be affected due to injuries, stress, trauma and bad body posture.
Rhythmic compression is used to make deep hyperaemia and softening effect in the tissue. It is generally a warm-up session for a deeper & more specific massage work. In sports massage this technique is mostly used during therapy.
Deep Transverse Frictions
Transverse Frictions is a therapy done by fingers by working on tissues. It involves oscillating pressure applied across the direction of the tissue fibres.
Transverse friction technique is used in case of tendon or ligament injury to break down pain producing scar tissue.
Cross fibre technique is used for creating stretching and broadening effect on muscle groups or on a specific point where muscles are connected to the tissues.
This technique is used to apply frictional force to reduce adhesion and help create a reviving, strong repairing effect during healing process.
Swedish technique includes a combination of techniques like long strokes, friction, kneading, percussion, vibrations, shaking motions and effleurage
The basic techniques of techniques is as follows –
- Effleurage: Involves gliding strokes with the palms, thumbs and fingertips
- Petrissage: Includes kneading movements
- Friction: Involves circular pressures with the palms with hand
- Vibration: Involves oscillatory movements which shake or vibrate the body
- Percussion: Includes brisk hacking or tapping
- Passive and active movements: Involves bending and stretching
Hot stone massage
Therapists use heated, warm stones on the body on specific points. This warmth helps the muscles loosen up so the massage therapist can reach the areas with muscle tension quickly.
PNF Stretches (Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation)
This technique is a combination of passive stretching and isometrics in which your muscle is alternating stretched passively and contracted. It mainly targets the nerve receptors in muscle to extend the muscle length.
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